Beijing, , China
Artncraft Products - Trader,
Proprietorship Firm Since 0
The Chinese art from the Neolithic period to the 20th century represents the most significant achievement of the world's longest continuous civilization. The standard that motivates all aspects of Chinese culture -harmonious balance- is exemplified in its art. Chinese art is a mixture of traditions and innovations, of ideas both native and foreign, and of religious and secular images.
China's emperors were the earliest, and were the most attentive, patrons of the arts. Many numbers of the artists and architects were government employees, working by royal order. In contrast, work of part-time artists reflects an important individualism that often differs from the imperial styles. The up and down of a particular royal household would profoundly affect the course of Chinese art. Even though broadly diverse in their cultural preferences, most of the dynastic rulers shared an interest in preserving tradition. Most of the Chinese rulers, particularly those establishing a new dynasty, were anxious to gain authenticity in the eyes of their subjects. The most common way to secure support was to continue the artistic achievements of past dynasties.
The Chinese art in the primitive dynastic periods (the Shang, Zhou, Qin, and Han dynasties, c. 1554 BC-AD 220) that developed in the Bronze Age, focused on the cult of the dead. Worried with securing immortality and safe passage to the afterlife, most of the rulers and their officers constructed and decorated lavish tombs. The ancient rulers of China favored burials in pit tombs, and many such tombs remain intact. The walls of the burial chamber were frequently decorated with carved or painted ornamental scenes depicting popular legends or activities of daily life. The Archaeological fieldwork, which has increased noticeably in China since 1950, has unearthed a wealth of ancient material.
Overseas tour and political chaos affected the character of Chinese art in the centuries following the collapse of the Han dynasty in ad 220. Buddhism, initiated in the 4th century ad, brought new styles of architecture, sculpture, and painting from India. In addition to this, the Buddhist policy stressing the human spirit's ability to transcend death caused a decline in opulent burial customs. As soon as China was united under the Tang dynasty in the 7th century, the subject matter of art had become more international and mature.The artistic accomplishment during the Tang dynasty were refined and expanded in the dynasties that followed. Landscape painting became a significant expression of both art and philosophy, mainly among the wen-jen- part-time painters working outside the court. At court, paintings of flowers and birds, animals and children were the favorite subjects in Chinese art and were produced in vast numbers for the royal collections. Adding to the graphic arts, Chinese pottery and porcelain, one of the most highly developed and enduring Oriental art forms, reached new heights of technological and aesthetic brilliance.
Right through the history of China, artists were highly trained in specific skills and, with the exception of the amateur artists, were attached to large, well-organized workshops. Information of materials and techniques was passed from generation to generation within families. Even though the tools used by Chinese artists were fairly simple, such as a bamboo brush or a wooden beater, the creation of their looms, kilns, and foundries reveals an understanding of complex production procedures. The fast-turning potter's wheel, urbanized in the Neolithic period, and the outstanding results of bronze casting in the Shang dynasty are testimony to the high technical skill of these early Chinese artists.With the origin of the Republic of China under Sun Yat-sen came pressure to modernize the "middle kingdom" and accept many Western ideas. Art was barely immune to these concerns. A lot of painters choose to study overseas, first traveling to Japan and finally going to Europe. While returning back home, they brought with them a number of modernization, including bold colors, European brushwork, perspective, and tendencies towards abstraction. The ornamental arts under the republic engrossed less outside influence, and most of customary styles, in demand both at home and abroad, continued.
The origin of the People's Republic of China in the year 1949 introduced another vital change in Chinese art. Under the leadership of Mao Zedong, painting and the decorative arts were infused with political content. Many customary folk arts, never known during the dynastic periods, were eminent to a status of significance. The art of weaving, basketry, jewellery making, and wood-block printing were added to ceramics, lacquer, and jade carving as fine crafts became vital both for native use and for export. Ever since the death of Mao in 1976, Chinese art has tended to become less political at all levels, a movement that could facilitate its future development to be judged better within the context of its historical tradition.
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Beijing - 100 081 () China